Pap Smear DETAILS
Used to access cellular changes associated with premalignant or existing malignant conditions in the cervical region of female reproductive organ
Our Pap smear test basically is a single test requiring a collection of a sample from the os region of the cervix with recommended kits by a well-trained medical professional at the laboratory. No fasting or preparation is required by the patient before testing. To perform this test you will need to visit your laboratory of choice for the collection of the sample.
A Pap smear is taken to detect neoplastic cells in cervical and vaginal secretions. The test is based on the fact that normal cells and abnormal cervical and neoplastic cells are shed into the cervical and vaginal secretions. Through examination of these secretions microscopically, cellular changes associated with premalignant conditions or an existing malignant condition can be detected. A Pap smear test may also be performed to follow some abnormalities such as infertility. It is a very useful test for cervical cancer screening, as well as useful for detecting reactive inflammatory changes, infertility, sexually transmitted diseases, HPV, Herpes, Parasitic, and, fungal infections.
Pap smear is usually a part of routine pelvic examination. It can be performed as a follow up to some abnormalities of infertility, where an abnormal maturation index (MI) is characteristic of an estrogen-progesterone imbalance.
Cervical cell testing is increasingly being performed using the “thin prep” Pap smear, or liquid-based cervical cytology (LBCC). The Pap smear is 95% accurate in detecting cervical carcinoma. It is recommended that cervical screening should begin approximately three years after a woman begins having sexual intercourse but no later than at 21 years old.
Disclaimer: Laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as a "stand-alone" item. Test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental information/tests. The meaning of your tests results will be explained by your healthcare providers, based on additional information you provide them.