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Infectious Screening Panel DETAILS

An important screening to ascertain the absence of potential life-threatening common infectious microorganisms.

PROCEDURES TO ORDER TEST

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Visit the laboratory for the procedure or sample collection

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SAMPLE NEEDED

To perform this test you will need to visit your laboratory of choice for the collection of a Blood sample, as well as collection of appropriate bottle for submission of a stool (fecal) and Urine sample.


TEST BACKGROUND  INFORMATION

Screening is the process of identifying people who appear healthy but may be at increased risk of a disease or condition.Most often, the timing of the infection is a critical point for infectious disease screening, as failure of early detection and timely intervention is a missed opportunity for prompt treatment and prevention.

Our Screening panel includes Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), Retroviral screening (RVS), H.Pylori, Typhoid (Widal), Stool microscopy, and Urine microscopy.

Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg):With increasing number of hepatitis B infection, unknown to many who are being infected with the virus, the need for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) remains strong. The test is targeted to check presence ofHepatitis B Virus (HBV) in the blood.

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) antibody test: HCV is transmitted in a manner similar to HBV. Most cases of hepatitis C are caused by blood transfusion. HCV is found in as many as 8% of blood donors worldwide. The incubation period is 2 to 12 weeks after exposure and the clinical manifestations of the illness parallel those of HBV. However unlike HBV, HCV infection is chronic in more than 60% of infected persons, although the disease course is variable and is slowly progressive.

Retroviral screening (RVS): The need to screen for HIV 1/2 cannot be over emphasized as there continues to be new cases of infection, and figures from certain localities remains alarming, despite increased public health intervention programs.

Helicobacter pylori antibody test:H.pylori, a bacterium found in the mucus overlying the gastric mucosa and in the mucosa (cells that line the stomach), is a risk factor for gastric and duodenal ulcers chronic gastritis, or even ulcerative esophagitis. This gram-negative bacillus is also a class I gastric carcinogen. Gastric colonization by this organism has been reported in about 90% patients with a duodenal ulcer, in 60% of patients with a gastric ulcer, and in about 20% of patients with gastric cancer.Approximately 10% of healthy persons younger than age 30 have gastric colonization with H. pylori. Gastric colonization increases with age, with people older than age 60 having rates at a percentage similar to their age. Most patients with gastric colonization by H. pylori remain asymptomatic and never develop ulceration.

Typhoid (Widal):Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to Salmonella typhi. Widal test which is demonstration of antibodies against Salmonella antigens, O-somatic and H-flagellar, are a common place in tropical regions.

Stool microscopy:A stool microscopy is used to diagnose parasitic infections, many of which are contracted through undercooked food such as vegetables, meat, fish, etc. It is of great value to aid physicians treatment when you have had diarrhoea for several days and/or when you have blood and/or mucous in your loose stools, abdominal pain, cramping, nausea, vomiting and fever.

Urine microscopy: This involves routine tests on a urine sample. The urine is examined microscopically for RBCs, WBCs, casts, crystals, and bacteria. Examination of the urine provides a significant amount of information about the urinary system.


Disclaimer: Laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as a "stand-alone" item. Test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental information/tests. The meaning of your tests results will be explained by your healthcare providers, based on additional information you provide them.