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HPV DETAILS

A test performed to identify genital Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection in women with abnormal PAP smear.

PROCEDURES TO ORDER TEST

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SAMPLES  NEEDED

Our Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) test basically is a single test requiring a blood sample. No fasting or preparation is required by the patient before testing. To perform this test you will need to visit your laboratory of choice for the collection of a Blood sample.


TEST BACKGROUND  INFORMATION 

An HPV test is performed in order to identify genital Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection in women with abnormal PAP smear. HPV is small, non-enveloped, double-stranded, circular deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) tumor virus.

HPV infects the genital epithelium and is spread via skin-to-skin contact. Some strains of HPV cause genital warts, but the HPV infections often produce no signs or symptoms. As a result, infected persons are frequently unaware that they are carries, and transmission occurs unknowingly. A clear causal relationship has been established between HPV infection and cervical cancer. Particularly, Types 6, 11, 16, and 18 are related to cervical cancer. Of the high-risk HPV strains, HPV 16 and 18 are the most carcinogenic and most prevalent.

The HPV test performed on women who have an abnormal PAP smear. Numerous sources indicate that over 60% of women with an abnormal PAP smear will test positive for high-risk HPV.The most commonly used test is the Hybrid Capture II (HC II) DNA assay. It uses ribonucleic acid (RNA) probes in a modified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) procedure to identify the presence or absence of 13 strains of "high-risk" HPV DNA. 




Disclaimer: Laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as a "stand-alone" item. Test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental information/tests. The meaning of your tests results will be explained by your healthcare providers, based on additional information you provide them.