Used to assess the acid-base balancing ability of these ions important to the body's function
Our Electrolyte Panel test basically consists of Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Chloride (Cl), and Bicarbonate (HCO3). To perform this test you will need to visit your laboratory of choice for the collection of a Blood sample.
Electrolytes are chemicals that dissociate in solution and conduct an electrical current. They are important to the body’s acid-base, electrical, and hydrostatic stability. Electrolytes are mainly acquired through the diet. Major electrolytes include sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), chloride (Cl-), bicarbonate (HCO3-), and phosphate (HPO42-).
One of the characteristics of electrolytes that make them important to the body is their acid-base balancing ability. Certain electrolytes, such as bicarbonate and phosphate, act as buffers. Buffers help body fluids like blood maintain a narrow pH range in the face of fluctuating levels of acidifying and alkalizing by-products. In the absence of buffers, blood and other fluids are susceptible to rapid and damaging pH changes. Another reason electrolytes are important is their electrical conductivity. Electrically active cells, such as muscle cells and neurons, rely on electrolytes to transmit electrical impulses vital to their function.
Disclaimer: Laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as a "stand-alone" item. Test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental information/tests. The meaning of your tests results will be explained by your healthcare providers, based on additional information you provide them.